- Neville Chamberlain, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Edouard Deluder (Britain, Germany, Italy, France), - Sudetenland would be transferred to Germany over 10 days, - Plebiscites held in areas were doubt over dominant nationality lies, - Four powers guarantee remainder of Czechoslovakia once Polish and Hungarian claims met. What parts of the Treaty of Versailles satisfied each of the Big Three? Toggle navigation i-study. The Cambridge IGCSE History syllabus looks at some of the major international issues of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as covering the history of particular regions in more depth. The Treaty... On October 29th, 1929, the United States witnessed one of it’s greatest economic tragedies. cie-igcse-history-0470-ww1depthstudies-v2-znotes.pdf . He also wanted to weaken Germany, so they would never be attacked again. - The reason for the change from appeasement to deterrence in 1939 was due to the invasion of Czechoslovakia, - Once Sudetenland was taken Hitler made a strike against Czechoslovakia, - Everything up to that point (including Munich conference) could be justified by self-determination, - The take over of Czechoslovakia was purely to increase the power of Germany. - Hitler disliked Czechoslovakia because of alliance with Russia and France, - Also was created under Treaty of versailles, - Germans were being discriminated against, - Encouraged protests and though if seizing in 1938 May buy was afraid of prospect of war, - By September western powers decided to resolve issue due to fear of Hitler using force, - 2 meetings took place between Chamberlain and Hitler. Please sign in to share these flashcards. What were the Successes and failures of the League? Received my results today, I got 4 A’s and 4 B’s. Why did all the victors not get everything they wanted? While this agreement did appease Hitler for the time being, it did not adequately fulfilled the policy of appeasement in the end. 3. What were the main aims of the League of Nations? How effectively did the USA contain the spread of Communism? What were the main terms of the Treaty of Versailles? I am very thankful to you for my achievement. Get Latest Pearsons/Edexcel 9-1 GCSE History Course Here! To what extent was the league of nations a success? Hitler was pronounced dead and the war in Europe came to an end. Past papers of Cambridge IGCSE History (0470) are available from 2002 up to the latest session. France didn't get everything they wanted because they wanted to be harsh, revengeful and severely weaken Germany so that it could not attack France for a third time. - Britain and France abandoned Czechoslovakia, - Munich was seen as extreme example of appeasement, - If war had broken out Britain and France would have had 36 divisions of Czech arming with them in 1938, - If war had happened Britain and France may have had assistance or neutrality of soviet Russia, - Led to direct sacrifice of Czechoslovakia, - After second world war was regarded as policy of weakness and concession, - Gave Hitler time to further improve defences, - Gave France and Britain time to improve defences, - Appeasement may not have been the right policy but made sense at the time, - Appeasers all leaders of democratic countries, - All governments in democratic countries have to take into account opinion of public, - Public opinion in Britain and France was for peace in 1930s, Appeasement and correcting injustices of Versallies, - By 1930s many though that Versailles had been too harsh on Germany, -Some believed that they should be allowed to defend themselves, - Also that Hitler's other demands were reasonable, - Until March 1939 good reason to accept Hitlers behaviour, - Armed approach would have upset public and British Dominions, Appeasement and increasing militarism of Japan and Italy, - In late 1930 Germany was a threat along with Japan and Italy, - Possibility of war with all three countries, - British army didn't think they they could win against all three, - Appeasement showed the weakness of Britain and France before they rearmed. Resources For Teachers, Students & Parents. What were things against the Munich agreement? Though do note that greater clarity will come at the cost of a greater file size and therefore, loading time. Why did Britain and France declare war on Germany in September 1939? - Finland and Sweden claimed that they both wanted the Aaland Islands, - Most islanders wanted to be ruled by Sweden, - League investigated and awarded the island to Finland, - Valuable industrial area on the boarder between Germany and Poland, - Granted to Poland but Germans protested and plebiscite was held, - Overall results favoured Germany but in some rural parts the clear majority wanted Poland, - After riots and protests the League gave Easter Upper Silesia to Poland and Western Upper Silesia to Germany, - Turkey claimed the Kurdish populated province of Mosul which was part of the British- mandated territory of Iraq, - League investigated and made award in favour of Iraq, - Greece was ordered to pay 45 000 Pounds compensation to Bulgaria after its invasion of Bulgarian territory, - This was judged as an over the top response to a shooting on the border incident that had killed a Greek sentry, - Greece accepted the ruling but felt it was unfair because Italy ha been treated more generously in similar circumstances, - Vilna was a largely Polish populated capital of the new state Lithuania, - Polish army seized the city in 1920 and Lithuania made an appeal to the League, - League asked the Polish troops to leave while a plebiscite was made but they refused, - Matter was passed to conference of ambassadors who awarded Vilna to Poland, - Germany could not pay its reparations in 1922, - France, supported by Belgium ordered their troops to occupy Ruhr in January 1923, - This action showed that that League was a victors club which only pursued the victor's interests, - Italian general and staff had been killed patrolling part of a boarder, - Mussolini demanded 50 million lira as well as execution of assassins, - Greece was unable to locate them so Mussolini resorted to invading Corfu in 1923, - Greece appealed to League and they condemned the action until Mussolini insisted it should be passed to the conference of ambassadors, - Because of Italy's bullying tactics Greece had to pay excessive amounts in reparations, - France was most concerned about its security and looked to making mutual assistance pacts with countries like Czechoslovakia and Poland, - Pacts designed to give France added protection, - As a result of the weaknesses exposed by the Corfu incident the British and French devised the Geneva Protocol, - Drafted in 1924 by French and British Prime ministers, - Stated that League members were required to agree to the settling of disputes by the Permanent Court of International Justice, - Decision backed by economic and Military power of all members, - If protocol was adopted it would have strengthened League, - Change in British government stopped this scheme because they refused to approve it, - First time since 1918 Germany was treated the same as all other European powers, - Treaty provided guarantees for the frontiers of north- eastern Europe and confirmed demilitarised status if Rhineland, - However they said nothing about frontiers of eastern Europe, - France and America signed a pact renouncing war, - Pact amounted to no more than an international statement of good intentions. Cambridge IGCSE History will stimulate any learner already interested in the past, providing a basis for further study, and also encouraging a lifelong interest in the subject. How far did weakness in the League's organisations make failure inevitable? Free IGCSE Revision and Study material for IGCSE History - Containment. Cambridge IGCSE History (0470) PapaCambridge provides Cambridge IGCSE History (0470) latest past papers and resources that includes syllabus, specimens, question papers, marking schemes, resource booklet, FAQ’s, Teacher’s resources and a lot more. I obtained "A" grades in History. If you find any broken links or .pdf documents or past papers on missing subjects. Advertisements. Were the peace treaties of 1919- 23 fair? In this post, we are sharing notes on World History as per the syllabus for the ICSE Class 10 Board Exams.These notes have been contributed by reader Khalid, who just gave his ICSE Class 10 Board Exams 2018.. What was the economic impact of the Treaty of Versailles? The emphasis is on both historical knowledge and on the skills required for historical … It will help you to plan your revision programme for the examination and will explain what the examiners are looking for in the answers you write. Add to cart. What was the nature of Saddam Hussein's rule in Iraq? What were the consequences of the failures of the League in the 1930s? History (0470) The Cambridge IGCSE History syllabus looks at some of the major international issues of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as covering the history of particular regions in more depth. ) Approaches to learning and teaching History: a History Teacher make Rhineland an independent state grade... And Y13 students here > > do n't get FOMO appeasement in the 4. O Levels ( Advanced Level ) subjects to promote better international relations the victors not get everything wanted! 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These notes are ideal if you find any broken links or.pdf documents or past papers missing...

igcse history notes

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